A Guide to PCOS - Symptoms, Diagnosis & Health
Menstrual irregularities, Weight gain, acne breakouts, and Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is a chronic disorder common in women characterised by elevated levels of androgen, polycystic ovaries, anovulation and menstrual abnormalities. It has affected most women in groups of 15-44 years of age.
Girls who show early signs of puberty, such as developing pubic and underarm hair before the age of 8, are usually at a higher risk of developing PCOS in the later stage. Doctors do not know the exact causes of this syndrome, but they believe that high levels of male hormones prevent the ovaries from producing eggs and hormones normally.
Research revealed that 1 out of 10 women are affected by this syndrome, and most of these women are unknowingly living with it. Women suffering from PCOS may witness different symptoms like irregular periods, acne, alopecia, obesity, hirsutism and infertility. Apart from this, women with PCOS are also likely to suffer from Diabetes Mellitus and Dyslipidemia, a combination of which leads to metabolic syndrome.
Clinical Features or Symptoms of PCOS
- Irregular periods or no periods at all
- Pelvic pain
- Abnormal facial hair growth and growth on chest, stomach and thighs
- Weight gain
- Baldness or hair loss
- Skin pigmentation
Diagnosis of PCOS
Once suspected, PCOS is usually diagnosed by calling for a detailed medical history of the patient and physical examination, blood tests and a pelvic ultrasound.
The medical history and physical examination can throw a better light on weight gain, menstrual cycle abnormalities, skin conditions, acne, and excessive hair growth.
Blood tests are mainly done to assess hormone fluctuations, glucose, and lipid levels.
The pelvic ultrasound is usually carried out to assess the presence of ovarian cysts.
Studies show that more than 50% of women with PCOS are prone to diabetes and have an increased risk of myocardial infarction (MI), dyslipidemia, hypertension, anxiety and depression. It is also found that miscarriage, gestational diabetes, pre-eclampsia, and premature delivery are quite common during pregnancy in PCOS.
Pharmacotherapy of PCOS
The choice of treatment for PCOS depends on three main categories of symptoms - irregular menstruation, androgen-related symptoms, and infertility. Pharmacotherapy is targeted toward treating various underlying conditions. There are different kinds of approved drugs to tackle these symptoms of PCOS; however, a doctor's discretion is advised before starting any course.
Overcome long-term consequences of PCOS
- Regular health checkups
Once a woman is diagnosed with PCOS, it is always advised to have a regular health checkup done to pick up signs of health issues like:
- High blood pressure
- Depression and anxiety
- Thyroid issues and other hormonal problems
- Diabetes mellitus
- Uterine cancer
Apart from the diagnosis and symptoms and regular health checkups, listening to what your body is trying to tell you is equally important. Never ignore even the slightest bit of inconvenience when it comes to health. When suffering from health issues, at times, women crave for somebody to talk to, and that is what the Zury app provides.
The app lends an ear to all those women who are silently suffering from PCOS and other health issues. Women can readily feed in their details and access a huge platform of various diet plans, workout tutorials, body transformation logs and period trackers to keep them informed about their day to day progress against their health problems.
- Follow a healthy lifestyle.
Adopt a healthy balanced diet by incorporating whole foods, fruits and vegetables, or simply following the Zury app's diet plans.
- Avoid processed food like white bread and always pick the alternative, i.e., brown bread and wheat pasta etc.
- Reduce the amount of caffeine, oil, sugar and salt in your diet.
- Get enough 7-8 hours of sleep and exercise an average of 30-45 minutes for 4-5 days a week with the help of training videos on the app.
- Never skip meals and avoid hitting the bed soon after having dinner.
As we all know that there is no current cure, you can easily tackle PCOS by following four simple methods with Zury and can diminish the symptoms to a minimum.
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